A method and apparatus for storing large quantities of electric energy in a small mass and volume at a high dc electric potential. Dispersed conductive particles in a dispersing medium contained in an insulator casing between an insulating divider and either a positive conductive plate or a negative conductive plate accumulate and store electric charges. A procedure of particle-to-particle charge pumping is employed to convey electric charges to and from the positive conductive plate and the negative conductive plate to the surfaces of each of a great multitude of dispersed conductive particles Energizing results in oppositely charged dispersed conductive particles becoming electrically bound to the surfaces of the insulating divider with a large quantity of electric charges also residing on the outside surfaces of the repelling dispersed conductive particles whereby the total effective capacitor plate surface area is greatly increased. A large effective plate surface area combined with a high working dc voltage allows a large quantity of electric energy to be stored in a small mass and volume that can also be retrieved very rapidly for doing useful work.
Internal Combustion Engine With Sidewall Combustion Chamber And Method
An internal-combustion, reciprocating-piston engine operating on the Otto cycle and associated method are provided where a sidewall combustion chamber is employed that is capable of receiving highly-compressed air or a mixture of any gas and fuel from a cylinder while a main piston is positioned at or near top-dead-center in the cylinder, and where the sidewall combustion chamber is also capable of temporarily storing a highly-compressed air or a mixture of any gas and fuel before sending and re-injecting an ignited or burning mixture of highly-compressed air or a mixture of any gas and fuel into the same cylinder between the main piston and the displacer-piston when the main piston is located in the cylinder at an optimum position for receiving and transferring energy or forces.
Dielectrophoretic Heat Engine And Method Of Energy Conversion
A dielectrophoretic heat engine with temperature-dependent dielectric matter and energy conversion method exploiting the thermodielectrophoretic effect for effectively and efficiently converting thermal energy into work or other useful forms at any physical size or scale.
Method And Circuit For Energizing And De-Energizing An Electric Energy Storage Device
A method and circuit for energizing an electric energy storage device () to a high voltage with electric energy supplied by a high voltage electric power source () in a safe, effective and efficient manner by first moving electric charges supplied by a high voltage power source () to a capacitive device () and then subsequently transferring the electric charges stored in an energized capacitive device () to an electric energy storage device () for later use. A method and circuit for de-energizing an electric energy storage device () from a very high voltage in a safe, effective, and efficient manner by first moving electric charges supplied by the electric energy storage device to a capacitive device () and then subsequently de-energizing an energized capacitive device () through an electrical load device () so that useful work can be performed.
Nuclear Battery And Method Of Converting Energy Of Radioactive Decay
A nuclear battery and method for directly converting energy of radioactive decay of a radioactive source () into more usable forms by utilizing a powdered-plate () where the powdered-plate () is comprised of a great multitude of dispersed particles in a dispersing medium and where the dispersed particles are capable of capturing, collecting, accumulating, storing, and transferring electric charges that result from the interaction of cold high energy emissions from the radioactive source () with the dispersed particles in the powdered-plate ().
Circuits exhibiting very low electrical resistance or superconductivity are provided as well as a method for transmitting, storing, or otherwise using electric energy more effectively and efficiently for providing powerful electromagnets for motors and generators, for transmitting electric power with few losses, or for making energy-storage devices with a high energy-density.
C-Pinch, Plasma-Ring Thermonuclear Fusion Reactors And Method
A plasma-ring generator is provided where a multitude of capacitors discharge across arc-points arranged ina circular or other configuration to cause a plasma-ring or plasma-structure with a circulating electric current to be formed.
Beverage Cup Or Lid With Combined Built-In Drinking Straw And Blow Toy
A cup or lid with a combined built-in drinking straw and blow toy that allows a person to either suck in liquid from a container through the straw or else blow into the straw to cause an object located on the cup or lid which is to be promoted or advertised to spin or otherwise move, and where the cup or lid can be used as a toy, a drinking apparatus, a promotional item, or an item of memorabilia.